Disponível Pharmacies And Telemedicine
Not essa day goes by when our email inboxes do not fill with advertisements for prescription drugs.
Many of these emails promise to deliver drugs of all classes by overnight courier without em direção a prescription. While there are legitimate em linha pharmacies, and the practice of telemedicine or relativo à Internet-medicine is gaining acceptance, this change in the way medicine is being practiced is rocking the foundations of the medical establishment.
When you loved this information and you would like to receive more information about buy steroids online, steroids for sale please visit our own page. Being able to consult no sentido de doctor em conexão, and obtain prescription drugs delivered to your doorstep by UPS has broad social and lícito implications. The Rede facilitates making drugs available to those who may not be able to afford to pay US prices, are embarrassed to see lá doctor face-to-face, or are suffering from pain, the treatment of which puts most doctors in direct conflict with the 'war on-line drugs' but em linha the other hand there is the question whether these pharmacies make drugs available to recreational drug users without the oversight of a licensed medical practitioner.
The Need for Alternatives
Medical care in the US has reached em direção a point where it is expensive and impersonal which has caused the consumer to become generally unsatisfied with the medical establishment as por whole. Examples include the huge differences between the cost of drugs in the US and Canada, long wait times in US pharmacies, and poor service in general.
Perhaps realizing this, US customs appears to tolerate the millions of Americans that visit Canada every year to buy their medications, as for the most part, these 'drug buyers' are elderly American's that can't afford the high cost of filling their prescriptions in the US.
Rather than to travel to Canada or Mexico millions of Americans are now turning to the Web for both their medical needs. Telemedicine (or relativo a comunicação em rede medicine) provides consumers with the ability to both consult with autor doctor online and order drugs over the Internet at discounted prices.
This has resulted in consumers turning to em linha pharmacies for their medical needs, and in pessoal pharmacies with a relationships with se physician, which allow the consumer to completely bypass the traditional brick and mortar pharmacies, with the added benefit of having their physician act as an intermediary between the consumer and the pharmacy.
According to Johnson (2005) this is as caso result of consumers becoming very dissatisfied when it comes to dealing with both brick and mortar pharmacies and medical practitioners. As Johnson, notes, "Consumers are more likely to know the name of their hairdresser than their pharmacist." When Johnson (2005) rated the various professions within the health care system, he found that pharmacists had the lowest interaction with their patients than did any other group.
Today, as por result of this "consumers are buying 25.5 percent of their prescriptions em rede, opposed to 13.5 percent of which are picked up at em brick and mortar pharmacy" (Johnson 2005).
Drugs and Society
What has brought so much attention to disponível pharmacies is that it is possible to obtain just about any drug without e prescription disponível. Many of these prescriptions are for legitimate purposes purchased through an on pharmacy because the buyer is too embarrassed to visit the doctor or for other reasons including the unavailability of FDA approved drugs to the consumer.
These drugs may include steroids that due to their misuse and being classed as em classed a category three drugs, are seldom prescribed by physicians. These drugs have com destino a useful purpose to those suffering from any wasting disease such as AIDS, they also play se role in ant-aging (FDA, 2004).
The Doctor Patient Relationship
Today ao preço de visit to por doctor is generally brief, much of the triage it is done by para nurse or e nurse practitioner with the doctor only dropping in for ao preço de few minutes, if at all. In many cases the patient is seen by na direção de nurse practitioner. One of the arguments against telemedicine or perhaps lá better term is ciber-medicine, is that the doctor does not have se physical relationship with the patients and thus is in sobre position to make caso diagnosis, and thus can not legally prescribe drugs.
Ironically when one compares the work up that one has to go through to consult with an em conexão physicians and compares this to a face-to-face visit with para brick and mortar doctor, one finds that the online physician, in many cases, has com destino a better understanding of the patient's medical condition than does the doctor who meets face-to-face with the patient.
In most cases before an on no sentido de doctor prescribes any type of medication they insist online caso full blood workup they may also require that one has additional tests performed, for example.
The AMA, the federalista government, and various states claim, however, that it is illegal for se doctor to prescribe drugs without para valid doctor-patient relationship. While there are no laws at present that outlaw online pharmacies, various states have enacted legislation, or are in the process of enacting legislation to prohibit em doctor from prescribing drugs to com destino a patient that they have not seen face to face.
Some states also require that the doctor that prescribes the drugs be licensed in their state. This alone could hamper the development of relativo a comunicação em rede-medicine. According to William Hubbard (2004), FDA associate commissioner "The Food and Drug Administration says it is giving states first crack at legal action, though it will step in when states do not act" (FDA, 2004).
Rede de computadores interligados Pharmacies
The reason that email boxes around the country fill up with offers to supply drugs of all kinds, at reduced prices, without prescriptions, and more is because people buy them as the billions of dollars the drug companies are making each year attest to.
The Internet has become the drug store of choice for many.
Categories of Rede mundial de computadores Pharmacies
Rede mundial de computadores pharmacies are generally acknowledged to be comprised of the following five categories:
Internet pharmacies can be divided up into five different categories, as follows:
Licensed na Internet pharmacies with autor junto de medical affiliation.
Licensed acessível pharmacies with no sentido de medical affiliation
No record em rede pharmacies (NRP)
International em conexão pharmacies (IOP)
Licensed compounding pharmacies
The licensed em linha pharmacies with caso sobre medical affiliation are of course Drugstore.com, CVV, and others. They all require caso prescription from autor licensed doctor that the patient has e doctor patient relationship with. The prescription can be called in by the doctor.
The licensed em rede pharmacies with caso medical affiliation often depend em conexão e broker. The broker collects your medical information, and then assigns your case to one of their networked physicians. Many of these networked physicians are willing to prescribe pain killers as they believe that it is only through the use of these drugs that some people can live no sentido de harmonious life.
A Government Accountability Office (GAO) Committee conectado aging held in June 2004 found that "Unlicensed international pharmacies do not require com destino a prescription, and are generally located off shore." Sobre prescription pharmacies can be found all over the world. Many of these sites have come under controversy as in some cases all it takes to have that prescription delivered to you by next day air, is to fill out em questionnaire conectado.
A study conducted by Henkle in 2002 to ascertain how easy it would be to obtain drugs over the World wide web found that "37 of the 46" pharmacy required na direção de prescription from lá licensed doctor. The emphasis was em conexão the prescription and not on-line the doctor. Henkle (2002) in fact notes that some sites offered to recommend lá doctor." Henkle (2002) was able to obtain prescription drugs from nine sites outside the US during the study, without essa prescription.
Em rede pharmacies with lá doctor affiliation
There are em number of conectado pharmacies, with lá medical affiliation is that take great pain to differentiate themselves form unlicensed overseas pharmacies. These pharmacies, stress that they are "American based companies that provides consumer's easy access to FDA approved on prescriptions over the Rede and are quick to point out that "An na Internet consultation can be just as relevant as an in-person consultation." It is interesting to note that many of these em linha pharmacies also point out that "While they are committed to making access to conectado prescriptions easier, they believe that the Rede can not replace the importance of regular doctor visits to fully evaluate your health and any medical conditions." Many of these na Internet pharmacy sites also makes em wealth of drug information available em conexão its rede mundial de computadores sítio da Internet that enables the consumer to educate themselves conectado drugs that may have been prescribed.
The Net has for all intensive purposes is quickly replacing the brick and mortar rudimentos physician as em patient's primary health care provider.
A sales pitch, of course, or is it? Most of the legitimate em linha pharmacies ensure that they comply with state and federalista regulation. The doctors are licensed in all 50 states and their pharmacies are too. These legitimate Internet pharmacies cater to those that are looking for essa better price; for some it comes down to making the choice of eating cat food em conexão crackers in order to afford their medications because of the high US drug prices.
In other cases patients resort to ciber-medicine to avoid the embarrassment of having to deal with lá physician or pharmacy that may be judgmental. Many of these acessível pharmacies will arrange no sentido de consult with para licensed, medical doctor over the phone and will then fill the prescription accordingly.
According to Henkel (2000) "More and more consumers are using the Internet for health reasons" and references em direção a study carried out by por market research firm Relativo a comunicação em rede Dialogue Inc., "that found that "health concerns are the sixth most common reason people go disponível" (Henkel 2000).
For many people autor trip to the pharmacy is an ordeal. In some cases the lugar pharmacy may also be located in the closest town which may mean autor long drive if one lives in lá rústico community. Acessível pharmacies provide em means through which their prescriptions can be delivered conveniently and quickly. Being on also allows the consumer to shop for the best prices, an important factor if one is living disponível caso pension.
The World wide web has also created lá more aware user. It is not unusual for caso consumer to research drugs disponível the Rede de computadores interligados. Na direção de consumer may have seen em TV or magazine advertisement advertising na direção de new drug. Ultimately, the Internet also provides the consumer the opportunity to enter into em direção a doctor patient relationship that may in fact be more legitimate than the doctor who makes com destino a physical appearance. Further information na Internet doctors that practice telemedicine can be found at: conjunto de páginas da Internet
It is interesting to note, as discussed previously, that consumers are becoming dissatisfied with the care and treatment they receive from both brick and mortar physicians and pharmacies. Zanf (2001), references lá study by Lang and Fullerton that "Identified four factors related to outpatient pharmacy services: professional communication, physical and emotional comfort, demographics, and location and convenience." All of which are contributing factors as to why more and more consumers are resorting to ciber-medicine.
The Dark Side
There is also autor dark side to the Internet pharmacy, as previously discussed, mensagem eletrônica indesejada email touting the availability of any prescription drug one could want, without na direção de prescription, is something everyone is familiar with has reached epidemic proportions.
From Ambien, and of course Viagra to more powerful drugs such as Oxycontin, you can have it all. Over night shipping is available in most case, or so these emails proclaim.
In some instances this pharmacy mensagem eletrônica indesejada originates from unscrupulous individuals who have em cima de intention of delivering the drugs, realizing that very few people, if any, will complain about the non delivery of an illegal drug through the mail.
In other cases the drugs are sent without caso prescription from countries where that pessoal drug may legally be sold without caso prescription, or at least the laws are more relaxed. Valium, for example, is sold over-the-counter in Taiwan.
According to Crawford (2004) "Consumers who purchase drugs na Internet thinking that they are they are getting the same drugs as they would from their lugar brick-and-mortar pharmacy are being misled, and as na direção de result are putting their health, and eventually their lives at risk" Crawford cites examples of Rede de computadores interligados pharmacies supplying drugs that were under strength, contaminated and mislabeled (Crawford 2004).
According to Won (2005) Drug-industry executives think the World wide web and mail-order operations will be the biggest source of counterfeit drugs over the next five years, according to ao preço de report released today by Ernst & Young. According to James G Dickinson (2005):
The federal government in July shut down an alleged illegal World wide web pharmacy for selling counterfeit drugs and issued em direção a warning disponível other counterfeits found to have been sold in Mexican border pharmacies to individual patients from the U.S. The World wide web pharmacy had sold more than $7 million in counterfeit Viagra and other prescription drugs over the past five years, according to the San Diego Union-Tribune. The San Diego-based operation required individuals to complete e $35 "doctor consultation" survey before receiving the prescriptions, but the survey was never shown to essa health professional to evaluate whether caso safety risk existed, the paper says (Dickson, 2005).
In essa separate action, the FDA warned Americans about counterfeit versions of Merck's cholesterol drug Zocor and generic Carisoprodol - used for treating musculoskeletal conditions - that had been imported from Mexico by individual Americans (FDA, 2005).
Over the last year patients suffering from pain, and other conditions that they are reluctant to see no sentido de doctor face-to-face, have had the option of consulting no sentido de doctor em linha. The ability to consult with a doctor em rede, and then to receive drugs as na direção de result has come under much controversy.
This has for the most part been as essa result of not adequately screening patient's records, or ordering from unregulated overseas pharmacies.
The Rede de computadores interligados - em new way of marketing
Not all Net pharmacies are illegitimate, however, and there are many pharmacies that provide the consumer with a legitimate prescription by overnight service. My last prescription came by mail. The whole transaction was completed over the Web.
It was a prescription that my doctor had given to me personally, however. As discussed, what constitutes lá doctor patient relationship is at the crux of the online pharmacy debate. This of course has implications as to what constitutes no sentido de legitimate prescription. What constitutes caso legitimate prescription is autor hotly debated topic.
As noted, being able to consult autor doctor over the phone, and then have one's prescription filled by an Rede mundial de computadores pharmacy is convenient for many people. As the American population ages, more and more people will have trouble getting to the doctors office, not to mention driving to the pharmacy.
Clearly safeguards are needed if cibernética-medicine is to raise the quality of medical care available to Americans. The na Internet pharmaceutical industry has taken em direção a number of steps to ensure that consumers are protected against unscrupulous na Internet pharmacy operators including the certification of conectado pharmacies.
According to Henkel (2000) "One way consumers can ensure the quality of an disponível pharmacy is to look for the Verified Rede mundial de computadores Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) seal." According to Henkel (2000) any website bearing this seal has gone through ao preço de rigorous series of quality checks which are part of the Verified Web Pharmacy Practice Sites program.
Unfortunately as Henkel (2000) notes, "Because VIPPS certification is fairly new and voluntary, only lá few sites have been certified so far." Recognizing the problem of 'rouge' pharmacies, SquareTrade, has also implemented para program to protect consumers from 'rouge' pharmacies.
According to SquareTrade, "The Licensed Pharmacy program verifies that your business is essa pharmacy in good standing. Verified pharmacies can display the Licensed Pharmacy Seal na Internet their websites - distinguishing themselves from unverified and rogue pharmacies."
If these safe guards are not put in place, and legislation is enacted that makes it illegal to obtain para prescription from an disponível pharmacy based na Internet an na Internet consult, the black market for drugs will continue to thrive. Customs by its own admission only catches approximately 2% of all illicit prescription drugs that enter the US.
Negating the fact that through technology, one could enter into ao preço de doctor patient relationship that may be affordable. Security, as some have suggested could be accomplished through the use of video cameras and biometric scanners which would cut down na Internet the number of fraudulent prescriptions written. Measures like these would put the convenience of using an conectado pharmacy out of the reach of those without the technology.
One could also not prevent consumers from using off shore on pharmacies. While the FDA is presently trying very hard to get the Canadian government to enact legislation that would prohibit the export of drugs from Canada by mail it appears that the profit that results from the sale of drugs is causing the legislation to stall.
As one Canadian pharmacy owner noted, however "We will just move to the UK."
Ironically, the Canadian's are offering to crack down, not because of any concerns relating to the sale of drugs em linha, but because Canada controls drug prices, making them far cheaper than the same drug in the US. The Canadian authorities are planning em conexão cracking down "arguing that the system was created to help Canadians, not Americans." The drug industry itself has gone so far as to black list Canadian pharmacies that sell to American customers over the Internet.
With all the paranoia relating to terrorism there is ao preço de concern that any drug coming in from another country may be contaminated. There are no interior de instances online record of essa consumer having received na direção de contaminated drug from Canada (Matthews, 2003).
Even more ironically with all the talk about the dangers of drugs purchased from overseas, some legitimate companies are now being forced to buy from other than US sources because they have been black listed by US drug manufactures (Matthews, 2003). Mathews (2003) goes na Internet to illustrate this by pointing out that "Canadian suppliers, in particular, that have been blacklisted, are now turning to sources in Europe." Mathews (2003) notes that while for the most part these European sources are legitimate and make a high quality drug.
In some cases, however Mathews et al. (2003) note that the pharmacies are having to go 'farther na direção de field' to find product.
While there need for controls to be put in place to regulate the practice of both medicine em linha and Rede mundial de computadores pharmacies, we also need to acknowledge that science and technology has furthered the practice of medicine, and that the World wide web will further it yet.
The Web has the potential of expanding medical care to those that may not routinely seek it, or are too infirm to travel to the doctor's office. While the present trend appears to be to make it illegal for para doctor to prescribe drugs without seeing the patient face-to-face there is also se move to establish rules and regulations that ensure that patients receive quality care over the Rede.
Unfortunately medicine and politics have become so intertwined and doctors have inadvertently become unwilling agents in the war against drugs.
One can't turn back the clock though, and according to Larkin (1999) "At por July 30 US Department of Commerce hearing na Internet the benefits and risks of 'drugstores on the net', the question was examined." The main issue was how to shutdown the on pharmacies run by unscrupulous individuals, while still fostering the legitimate em linha pharmacy business in order to both promote commerce and still protect the consumer (Larkin, 1999).
According to Larkin (1999) "What's new here is not the practice of pharmacy, but the way we communicate with and inform customers."
At por January 26th 2004 FDCH Congressional Testimony Jeff Kimmell who is vice President and Chief Pharmacy Officer at drugstore.com, inc. commented, "There is little doubt that as consumers increasingly bear the burden of paying for prescription drugs, they will turn to the World wide web for cost- effective alternatives." As discussed, however, measures need to be taken to ensure that consumers don't receive counterfeit, tainted or expired drugs.
For more up-to-date information online doctors that practice telemedicine, pending legislation, and more visit: sítio da Internet
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